Construction And Repair

Industrial floors: can pour yourself

device quality flooring is compulsory measure that determines the reliability and durability of the structure of the future.Conventional concrete structures that have not been special treatment, not ergonomic, in such areas is dirty and dusty.If the requirements of strength and purity are important to you, then it is advisable to lay plastic or liquid industrial flooring.


requirements for industrial floors ↑

industrial floor is a building structureat which the entire production process and the activities of people.Structures and Materials industrial floors assigned, based on the load of the stored load, the intensity and the type of mechanical stress outdoor vehicles and dust separation in accordance with the regulations.

General technical requirements that apply to industrial floors, are: the design must resist the effort

s of bending, compressive and tensile, impact and abrasion.The floor must withstand aggressive chemical factors - low or high temperatures, water, oils, alkalis and diluted acids.

Sex for industrial and manufacturing buildings
Sex for industrial and manufacturing buildings

According to the technological requirements of industrial floor must be smooth but not slippery surface, as well as providing a convenient and safe movement of vehicles and people.In addition, the floor during operation should not exert adverse health effect, that is the structure does not have to release hazardous gases, dust and odor.

on industrial floor surfaces should not be some static electricity, and in some cases, sex is simply obliged to be dielectric.For industrial floors are nominated and operational requirements - the material should allow for the possibility of repair and resist the quick and easy cleaning.

robust multi-layer construction ↑

Industrial concrete floors are composed of several layers.Subgrade serves natural or artificial support floor, which takes all the loads that are transmitted from the floor.Next is training - the underlying layer that distributes the load on the subgrade.

insulation needed to reduce the overall thermal conductivity of the floor, and acoustic insulation prevents penetration into the room and from the impact noise.Waterproofing - a layer that prevents penetration through the industrial floor of wastewater and other fluids, and protects the entire structure from the ground water.

What are the layers is an industrial floor
What are the layers of industrial floors is

The next layer is called the industrial floor screed.It serves for leveling the surface of the underlying layer, or covering, the covering is required to impart a predetermined inclination to cover various pipes and distribution nonrigid underlying layers loads.

stratum called interlayer floor, which connects to the underlying layer or used to cover the elastic part.The coating is the top layer of the floor, which is directly exposed to operational influences.

classification differences, the appointment ↑

Industrial floors come in several forms.Concrete floors with a reinforced upper layer have established themselves as a strong, reliable and non-dusting surface.Used for industrial buildings, garages, car washes and service stations.

Industrial floor fillers are not afraid of the active mechanical and chemical influences.They are aesthetically more attractive than the toppings.Similar designs are widely used in buildings for public use - floors for offices, shopping centers, office buildings.Polymeric poured floors due to its resistance to aggressive environments found in the food and pharmaceutical industries.

Industrial floor in the showroom
Industrial flooring in a motor

Monolithic mosaic floor that is made of magnesia concrete is perfect for high-intensity and high-loaded operating conditions.Magnesia floors are used for industrial buildings and structures of various industries are high-strength seamless flooring for warehouses and autoparkings.

Mounted floors are used most often in administrative and office buildings as well as buildings for public use.This office floors, floors for shops and commercial areas, restaurants and cafes, auxiliary and technical premises.

construction of concrete industrial floors ↑

If you plan to build a new production building is well thought out styling and a device of industrial floors.Traditionally, this kind of work requires great accuracy during assembly and considerable experience in the construction field.Technological process - not an easy task.

Diagram of the industrial floor
Diagram of the industrial floor

Industrial concrete floors can be laid on top of the soil or the existing concrete base.Laying the concrete floor on the ground begins with a thorough pre-compaction of soil, which is carried out over the entire area of ​​the room.According to the technology of the next step is laying a sand cushion.Its thickness depends on the types of soil.Over compacted sand placed crushed stone pillow.If

industrial floors are arranged on top of the old foundation, it also requires careful preparation of the base.It is usually examined for cracks, which should be expanded to fill a special repair structures.If the state does not allow the foundation repair work, it must be dismantled.The base must be adjusted if it is sudden changes in altitude.

presence of waterproofing technology in concrete floor depends on the original project.The process is carried out using polymer membranes or bitumen waterproofing.If you fill the floor in the room a large area, the area should be divided into "cards" - rectangles particular size, which determines column grid.The optimal size is 6 meters.

Tools for industrial floors
tool for industrial floors

the prepared surface should be placed reinforcing mesh, which applied between the cards with the necessary overlap and sealed soft wire.Then to be done pouring the concrete floor with a view of the mobility of the mixture.

Laying of industrial floors - distribution of topping
laying industrial floor - the distribution of topping

device concrete screed Industrial floor requires a careful approach to the leveling that must be carried out using a screed - special tools.At this stage, the concrete mix is ​​allowed to add.Next is to perform grouting concrete surface and apply a topping.Used car betonozaglazhivayuschaya.

First you need to hold a primary sweep surface is then sprinkle topping.It is important to maximize evenly distribute the material over the surface of the concrete screed.Once topping absorb moisture, and darken the surface should produce a rough industrial floor screed grout - immediately distribute remaining topping.

the Finish sanding should take place in a time when a man will leave his legs on the surface of the screed trace depth of 2 mm.This procedure uses all the same betonozaglazhivayuschie car with finishing blades, which can gradually change the angle.Construction of concrete industrial floors will come to an end when a concrete floor, characteristic shine.If desired, the coating can be applied to de-dusting and carry cement concrete floor.

As can be seen, the device of concrete floor is a specific time-consuming process, but pouring concrete industrial floor with his hands still feasible.Following instructions, the result can be obtained excellent coverage that is suitable for any industrial or commercial building.