How to caulk frame: the choice of the method and material
- 15 Jun 17:00
now increasing popularity began to use the house and the bath from a frame.The secret of this success is simple - wood - the perfect insulation material, and the log building looks unusual and very respectable.And with the return of the fashion for all natural log cabins ratings generally have reached unprecedented heights.But even so warm and robust material, like a log, you must insulate, so to many owners of such real estate is a reasonable question arises: "How caulk frame?" Let's look at this issue "to pieces."
Whyyou need to caulk frame?↑
Caulking log - is a very important stage of construction, the neglect of which can significantly degrade the insulation of the building.The thing is that when stacking logs between voids and cracks that need to be somehow "kill."
addition, log house sits down with the time that would be required to cause the appearance of new cracks.Through them, the home warm air and will "run away" on the street.Okay in the summer, but in winter the consequences could be much sadder - the heated air when released into the atmosphere of the cold instantly turn into frost that has settled on the logs.A known frost always bears the problems associated with humidity and moisture, which in turn will cause decay.
Modern materials for caulking ↑
In Ancient Russia to konopatki log cabins used hemp, sphagnum moss and felt.
Today, these materials are also in demand, however, are increasingly the primary insulation.
Jute - the hottest version ↑
Jute - a natural insulation plant, which "comes" to Russia from Kazakhstan, China and India.The fiber of this plant is valued for its durability, high yarn quality and low hygroscopicity.
Often manufacturers impose buyer jute felt, referring to the fact that it has exactly the same characteristics as the net jute.However, this is not true.This material is much more susceptible to wetting, and therefore much faster it will begin the process of decay.In addition, it has a low strength, which affects its insulating properties, and the mole simply adore.
Lnovatin obtained from waste flax production.It comes in the form of a long tape, curled into a roll.This material composed of fine linen dust, which is of short structure.The density of such a heater, no less than those of jute, but its structure is characterized by a much greater elasticity and rigidity.
Types caulking ↑
There are two types of caulking, "full length" or "vnabor."
method konopatki «full length» ↑
This method is used in caulking if the gap between the logs are narrow and almost invisible.
During the operation of the heater in such a way form a strand, which is placed in the slot across the grain, and then gently push it into the shovel, but the edge of the fabric (4-5 cm) should remain outside.Further, from the tow do thin bead, which is then wrapped in remaining free edge of the insulation material.One can only score the roll of a chisel.
method of caulking "vnabor» ↑
This method should be used when the cracks and gaps between the logs wide and deep.
to log konopatki way "vnabor" of tow twist long thin rope that is wound into a ball.Then, it gradually unwinding, tow clog the cracks using the chisel-konopatku.Since the dimensions of the slits are different everywhere, you have to type the correct thickness of the rope with the help of her turns, or a simple twisting loops.
And the first slaughter insulation at the top of the slot, and then - at the bottom.I want joints to look more or less "decent" and even, in the end of it can be sealed with special tool - road builders.
Important: loosely scored tow shortly rastaschat birds, so Treat this stage of the process of caulking with the responsibility.
secrets and subtleties of caulking ↑
nuances in caulking set 0dnako, afraid that it is not necessary, because, as the saying goes, "The eyes are afraid, but the hands are doing."
- first, the first stage of the caulking begins during installation logs log.It was then placed on each log layer of insulating material.If this lnovatin or jute, it is fixed staple gun, but it should be noted that the insulation must extend beyond the slots approximately 4-5 cm on both sides of the framework.
- secondly, to qualitatively caulked frame, you have to spend at least two procedures konopatki.First - immediately after the assembly of a log house, and the second - after about a year, it will happen a partial shrinkage of the insulation and cracks become visible again.Five years later, when the frame is completely sits down, caulking can be repeated again to finally consolidate the effect of thermal insulation.
- third, to great effect konopatku must be done on both sides log, that is, external and internal.
Important: caulking process leads to a small log uplift, which at times can be 6-7 cm. Therefore it is important to carry out the procedure before the final work on the decoration.
- fourth, all work related to the caulking should be carried out strictly on the perimeter of the log from the bottom up, as when laying insulation height of log, as mentioned above, increases.If the caulk each wall separately, most likely, you end up with a building in the style of "at random."
Important: caulk frame should be in strict sequence: first hammered outer gap around the perimeter of the lower crown, then go inside the house and is doing similar work.Then we go back out and caulk the gap of the second ring, then back to the house, etc.If we neglect this recommendation and work first on the street.and then inside the building, there will be a deviation in the vertical wall.
offer you a video about the process of implementation of works konopatnyh:
Well, now you know how to properly caulk the frame and do not make mistakes that can lead to tragic consequences.Insulated by the rules, then your home will always be warm and welcoming.