All about lighting flat - variants, design, photos, schemes, techniques and rules of the organization
- 20 Jun 12:00
light can drastically transform the same room, creating it from the romantic mood of the soft twilight ladies' boudoir to a sharp as a surgeon's scalpel, blinding light operating.This phenomenon is widely used in the theater artists of the world who are using light to alter the atmosphere of the scene, not a change of scenery.Successful coverage of an apartment can turn it into a fairy-tale palace, and failure ruthlessly expose its flaws.So, as in the story Zoshchenko communal residents spent just under electric light found wretchedness of his monastery, which has always concealed the dark corners.Gone are the days when the choice of light sources began lonely chandelier on the ceiling and ended the chair and floor lamp table lamp on the desk, today each with light can turn the apartment into a wonderful theater of light and shadow.And if you intend to set up lighting the apartment with his hands, get to know the secrets of design in this area, to create miracles.
Light: pragmatism and magic ↑
for lighting in modern interiors of residential premises, the following lighting fixtures:
- incandescent lamps;
- fluorescent lamps;
- halogen and metal halide light sources;
- light cords "Rope";
- optical fibers.
spectrum bulbs most comfortable for vision, but they are only about 10% of its capacity costs of setting up the world, and the rest is converted into heat energy.Therefore, in the room with too many bulbs will always be hot and stuffy as the photo studio or television studio.
Fluorescent lamps do not heat, but until recently, they are reluctant to cover the use of property due to the uncomfortable bluish-white light, an unpleasant hum and the need for additional starters for connection.The current generation of energy-saving fluorescent lamps free of these problems and they may be used instead of incandescent lamps.
halogen and metal halide lamps emit a fairly narrow directional beam of light, and therefore more suitable for lighting or illumination of certain areas of the key elements of the interior - paintings, sculpture groups, columns, niches, etc.
LEDs are durable, do not heat up, their very broad spectrum is not harmful to human health infrared and ultraviolet radiation.The durability of LEDs is 80 times longer than that of incandescent lamps.But the LED light output is not large enough to use them as a stand-alone light source in the interior and therefore they are used more often for decorative lighting or as a night light.Light cords "Rope" - a miniature light sources based on LEDs are widely used for lighting design elements of the interior or outdoor street lighting.
Optical fibers emit light only at the ends, but removing them at great distances from the primary light source and using a special nozzle, you can create magical fantastic lighting effects.
rules and secrets of lighting design ↑
Architects and designers have long used the lighting in the interior of the apartment or house as an effective tool for the visual correction of a failed space geometry.
One of the main rules of the design is that the bright light visually expands the space to the walls and ceilings used a reflective material.If you want to visually reduce too much room, it obscures the surface.
Lamps with directional up reflectors visually "lift" is too low ceilings.Too high ceilings seem lower if the shade using downward lampshades light sources.
competent lighting design apartments must reconcile source of general lighting, for example, the main chandelier on the ceiling, and lamps of local illumination point.It is very important to control lighting in the apartment, in this case, provides independent operation of each species or group of fixtures.
general room lighting could be a bit muffled, because its goal is to provide free orientation in the room and easy communication inhabitants.The role of local brighter light - lighting is jobs, which include a secretary desk, work area in the kitchen and the dining table in the dining room or living room.
Terms organizations also recommend lighting to illuminate the wall behind the TV or a computer monitor space: this method without disturbing the luminance of the screen, reduces stress and eye fatigue.
The bedroom is better to make the total light scattered, slightly lowering the height of the ceiling and the mirror and bedside tables provide brighter lights or lamps.If the interior of a large house listed rules for the use of light are advisory in nature, studio lighting is often the only tool of zoning is not too much space, which simultaneously serves as a living room, office, bedroom and dining room even.
The bathroom is usually additional lights illuminate the vanity mirror, and the role of general lighting perform spot halogen lamps.But coverage of the corridor of the apartment you need to plan in a way that has always been the ability to turn on a bright ambient light, when it is necessary to get dressed, put on shoes, make-up fix.
Besides utilitarian role hallway still performs presentable feature business card apartment and to narrow hallway did not look like the dungeon of a medieval castle, using light, it is possible to visually expand and increase.Finally, the lighting corridor lighting should be in harmony with the adjacent premises if brightly lit living room, the hallway and include bright overhead lights and mute it if in the next room twilight.All these problems are solved by local fixtures.
Universal recipe works with light there, everyone chooses the concept of design and lighting their homes, but to avoid mistakes would not want to look through illustrated magazines and see how professionals create lighting in the apartment: photos, sketches, illustrations of the project.
Development of the project of lighting the apartment ↑
The project of interior design lighting design apartments are usually carried out in a separate section, taking into account the layout of the rooms, the configuration of the ceiling, floor and ceiling boundaries of finishing materials, furniture and location of stationary elements.
Based on the ceilings and floors plans to develop lighting plan apartment, marking it the types and location of lighting fixtures, outlets and switches as ceiling and wall - the so-called lighting scenarios.
Regulatory power and quantity of fixtures ↑
One of the main conditions for a comfortable dwelling coverage is the right balance of power, the amount of lighting and illuminated area.Experts in the field recommend the use of light for every 5 sq.m.lighting devices with a total capacity of 60-75 kW.
Thus, you can manually calculate the optimal amount of lighting to illuminate every room of his apartment or use the following guidelines:
- for a studio apartment of 30-40 m require no more than eight lamps, for example, three ceiling lamps, chandeliers,Two sconces, floor lamps, table lamps;
- bedroom apartment for an optimal set of nine fixtures can be represented by the following devices: two chandeliers, three ceiling lights, floor lamp, table lamp and two sconces;
- for a two-bedroom apartment will require eleven fixtures - to the set of devices for one-bedroom apartment can be added chandeliers and sconces;
- for a three-bedroom apartment needed eleven fixtures: previous set can be supplemented by a ceiling lamp and another lamp.
lighting scheme flats ↑
In accordance with the plan developed detailed diagram of lighting the apartment, taking into account the wiring diagrams of each instrument, their groups, as well as lighting control devices.
the drawing take into account the views of each switch indicating the number keys and the arrow is pointing to a lighting device or group of devices it is intended.For very large rooms or long corridors can provide redundant switches for the same device by installing them in different parts of the room.All wall and ceiling lighting in the scheme should be tied appropriate designations to the wall or the nearest doorway, the door or the window.
Similarly, with reference to the nearest wall or placed on the openings scheme placement of sockets, switches and other devices involved in the lighting system.
video lesson on the rules of design ↑
With ready design in the hands you can start wiring and lighting, and implement, finally, the material result of this painstaking work of the designer.But the reward is your apartment Cinderella into a beautiful princess and sparkle with new life around fantastic colors.